Does Obama have a grand strategy for his second term? If not, he could try one of these

Anne-Marie SlaughterThe first terms are about justifying your place in office. And second terms are about justifying your place in history. Remember Abraham Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address, in which he eschewed the specific plans and policies and instead reminded Americans of their most fundamental aspirations and urged them to turn toward the light of peace, even in the darkness of war. When a president stands on the Capitol steps and takes the oath of office for a second time, he’s thinking less about his next four years and more about his legacy (…..) In recent days, three prominent think tanks, Council on Foreign Relations, the Atlantic Council and the New America Foundation, have put forward grand strategies seeking to inspire Mr. Obama in his second term. The foreign policy community is small and chummy; the authors and reviewers of these reports all know one other, and many have worked together in and out of government. (John Ikenberry, a co-author of the CFR report, was my partner in leading the Princeton Project on National Security from 2004 to 2007. I also serve on the boards of Atlantic Council and the New America Foundation and reviewed drafts of both strategies). Atlantic Council’s report, “Envisioning 2030: US Strategy for a Post-Western World,”was principally drafted by Robert Manning, council senior fellow and former State Department official. It builds on recent report by National Intelligence Council that outlined 4 scenarios for 2030: one in which United States draws inward and economic globalization stalls; a best-case world in which Washington and Beijing collaborate on international problems; a bleak future of inequality and resulting conflicts between and within countries that United States is unable or unwilling to police; a world in which corporations, activists and other non-state players take the lead in addressing the global challenges. The Atlantic Council report concludes that United States can work to avoid the more negative scenarios by leading “actively, vigorously, strategically.” Essentially, an America that hangs back is asking for trouble. At the same time, Washington should lead more collaboratively, working with, through partners (Europe, NATO, Japan, Korea, Australia, Singapore, for example) coalitions whenever possible. In particular, U.S. cooperation with China will be “the most crucial single factor” shaping the world in 2030. But real strength of “Envisioning 2030” is less in some unifying concept than in its specific proposals. It calls for an integrated U.S.-European market through a free-trade agreement, for instance, as well as coordinated efforts among Washington, the European Union and Persian Gulf states to provide funding and other incentives for market reforms across the Middle East. I suspect Obama administration thinks it is already taking this approach; in speech as early as July 2009, Secretary of State Clinton called for a “multi-partner world.” That is the philosophy behind her launching of annual U.S.-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue, which involves more than 200 U.S. officials, as well growing strategic dialogue with India and developing partnerships with Turkey and Indonesia (…..)

Link: http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/does-obama-have-a-grand-strategy-for-his-second-term-if-not-he-could-try-one-of-these/2013/01/18/ec78cede-5f27-11e2-a389-ee565c81c565_story.html

Acerca de ignaciocovelo
Consultor Internacional

One Response to Does Obama have a grand strategy for his second term? If not, he could try one of these

  1. The strategic landscape of the 21st century has finally come into focus. The great global project is no longer to stop communism, counter terrorists, or promote a superficial notion of freedom. Rather, the world must accommodate 3 billion additional middle-class aspirants in two short decades — without provoking resource wars, insurgencies, and the devastation of our planet’s ecosystem. For this we need a strategy. The status quo is untenable. In the United States, the country’s economic engine is misaligned to the threats and opportunities of the 21st century. Designed explicitly to exploit postwar demand for suburban housing, consumer goods, and reconstruction materials for Europe and Japan, the conditions that allowed it to succeed expired by the early 1970s. Its shelf life has since been extended by accommodative monetary policy and the accumulation of household, corporate, and federal debt. But with Federal Reserve interest rates effectively zero, Americans’ debt exceeding their income, and storms lashing U.S. cities, the country is at the end of the road. Abroad, Washington’s post-Cold War pattern of episodic adventurism and incremental crisis management only creates further uncertainty, and rising powers will not lead. Other major economies have little appetite for altering the global order and hence are doubling down on the old system, exacerbating trade imbalances and driving record resource extraction. As commodity prices rise, global powers are hedging ever more aggressively — stockpiling resources and increasingly becoming entangled in conflicts in resource-rich areas. As the global economy falters, unrest rises and the great unresolved conflicts of the 20th century — the Middle East, South Asia, North Korea, Taiwan — grow increasingly enmeshed in the power dynamics of this new era. Simply put, the current U.S. and international order is unsustainable, and myriad disruptions signal that it is now in a process of collapse. Until the United States implements a new grand strategy, the country will face even more rapid degradation of domestic and global conditions. This is not an over-the-horizon danger. The interplay of four strategic antagonists is causing Americans daily harm (…..)

    http://newamerica.net/publications/articles/2013/a_new_us_grand_strategy_77134

Responder

Introduce tus datos o haz clic en un icono para iniciar sesión:

Logo de WordPress.com

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de WordPress.com. Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Imagen de Twitter

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de Twitter. Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Foto de Facebook

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de Facebook. Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Google+ photo

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de Google+. Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Conectando a %s

A %d blogueros les gusta esto: