París saca la artillería contra Merkel

-- Will Europe Ever Go To War Again --Pese a la bonita foto de Oslo en la entrega del Premio Nobel a la UE, con la canciller Merkel y el presidente Hollande levantando el brazo del otro como dos deportistas que acabaran de terminar una prueba igualada, el ambiente entre las dos potencias del continente pierde cada día un jirón. Hollande aprovechó este martes la visita a París de la presidenta Dilma Roussef para sacar la artillería pesada y advertir a Merkel de que, para profundizar en la integración europea, hace falta que algunos países “hagan esfuerzos para mejorar competitividad”, pero que otros “reduzcan excedentes comerciales y estimulen demanda interna”, en palmaria referencia a Alemania, que presenta un abultado superávit comercial. “No acepto la idea de que en Europa haya un núcleo que va bien, una periferia que sufra y sea condenada a vivir menos bien”. Las diferencias entre Francia y Alemania son de calado. París quiere unión bancaria rápida para que el fondo de rescate recapitalice directamente los bancos con problemas; mientras Alemania dice que esa es una de las piedras angulares de la nueva arquitectura europea, que no se puede ir con prisas, a lo que Merkel ha asegurado que el fondo de rescate europeo podrá recapitalizar la banca española por encima de su cadáver. Además, Francia quiere que el BCE supervise a todos los bancos, y Alemania rechaza esa posibilidad: esas diferencias se verán en la cumbre de esta semana en Bruselas. El otro gran motivo de discordia son las políticas de crecimiento: París quiere estímulos y Berlín es tremendamente reacio a dar su brazo a torcer en ese terreno.



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Consultor Internacional

2 Responses to París saca la artillería contra Merkel

  1. For months, European Union nations have been wrangling over how to create a common banking supervisory authority. But they now appear to be close to resolving their dispute. Germany and France have agreed to a compromise on plans for the European Central Bank to be the bloc’s banking watchdog, German daily Süddeutsche Zeitung reported on Wednesday, ahead of a finance ministers’ meeting about the subject. EU leaders want to sign a deal on bank supervision at a summit on Thursday and Friday.

    According to the Süddeutsche, German and French officials agreed that the ECB should supervise all banks deemed system-relevant, in addition to those being propped up with public money. The other banks would remain under the supervision of national authorities, but the ECB would have the right to give directions and to assume responsibility for monitoring particular banks in justified cases. German business daily Handelsblatt reported that the ECB may supervise between 60 and 150 banks in Europe. Those include banks with total assets that exceed €30 billion, or with assets that are greater than 20 percent of their country’s gross domestic product.

    France and Germany had been mired in disagreement on parts of the plan, leaving little time left for the EU to meet its pledge to complete the framework for a banking union by the end of the year. France had wanted an EU banking watchdog that covered all banks in Europe, while Germany only wanted to submit the biggest banks to common supervision. The compromise follows a proposal submitted this week by Cyprus, which holds the rotating EU presidency. Under the proposal, only Deutsche Bank, Commerzbank, central cooperative bank DZ Bank, all the big state-owned regional banks and a few other savings and cooperative banks would come under the ECB’s supervision in Germany. Berlin had resisted a reform that would have made the ECB responsible for monitoring all its savings and cooperative banks. EU leaders hope setting up a single banking authority and later establishing a resolution fund for distressed banks will stop them from pulling their countries into crisis. They also plan to create a way of coordinating national deposit guarantee schemes. Most countries support the idea of supervision, which is the first pillar of a full banking union, but they disagree on how to structure it and on the extent to which bank risks are to be shared. The latter point is of particular concern to financially strong Germany, which fears it may end up shoring up foreign banks. All 27 countries in the European Union must give their approval for the project to go ahead, but only euro zone banks will fall under the banking union to start with. Süddeutsche quoted a senior EU diplomat who said that the Franco-German compromise had boosted the chances of an agreement among EU finance ministers on Wednesday. “That is the breakthrough we had all been waiting for,” said the diplomat. However, the official added that some non-euro countries — especially the UK, Sweden and the Czech Republic — were demanding additional voting rights. “The demands of some non-euro countries are the last big problem,” he said. (source: Der Spiegel – 12/12/2012)

  2. David Cameron and other EU leaders will today approve banking union in Europe after Britain won concessions to protect the City of London. EU finance ministers including George Osborne reached agreement after a marathon all-night 14-hour session in Brussels. The landmark deal, the first step towards “fiscal and economic union” in the eurozone, will make the European Central Bank (ECB) the supervisory body for about 200 of the biggest banks in the 17-member euro area and non-euro nations that decide to take part. Although the UK will not join banking union, there are fears that London’s premier position as a financial centre will be undermined by the 17 euro nations voting en bloc on the European Banking Authority (EBA), which sets banking rules throughout the EU. But Mr Osborne won safeguards under which EBA decisions will need a majority among both the 17 euro “ins” and the 10 “outs” including Britain. There will also be a non-discrimination clause to stop the ECB undermining any country or currency to protect London. Greg Clark, the Treasury minister responsible for the City, said today that the deal was “very good for Britain,” adding that “we got all that we asked for” to ensure the UK could not be discriminated against. He said the agreement would allow eurozone members to secure confidence in the euro without being at the expense of the EU’s single market in financial services. Under the deal, banks with more than 30bn euros (£24bn) in assets will be placed under the ECB’s oversight. It would be able to intervene with smaller lenders and borrowers at the first sign of trouble. After talks ended shortly before dawn, German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schauble, said: “We have reached the main points to establish a European banking supervisor that should take on its work in 2014.” Jose Manuel Barroso, the European Commission President, praised the deal as “a crucial and very substantive step towards completion of the banking union”.


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