Angela Merkel aprova salários maiores na Alemanha

A chanceler Merkel aplaudiu os acordos que conduziram a um aumento dos salários na Alemanha e sinalizou flexibilidade a para um imposto sobre transações financeiras neste sábado, num sinal de que está aberta a novas medidas para impulsionar o crescimento na Europa. Um dia após a Alemanha dizer que é a favor de estender por um ano o prazo para que a Espanha reduza seu déficit a 3% de seu Produto Interno Bruto (PIB), Merkel enviou a mensagem de que está disposta a ceder às exigências do Partido Social-Democrata (SPD), oposição, e de parceiros europeus em outras áreas. Mas ela mais uma vez rejeitou a ideia de que a emissão conjunta de bônus para toda a zona euro é uma solução para a crise, e disse que deveria ser possível processar países que violem regras fiscais no Tribunal de Justiça da União Europeia. Os comentários, que ocorreram numa conferência de seu partido, a União Democrata Cristã, em Berlim, mostram que ela está pronta para dar ouvidos a pedidos de que a Alemanha tome mais medidas com objetivo de incentivar crescimento, mas quer que outros países da zona do euro aceitem abrir mão de soberania sobre seus orçamentos, em troca. “Você não pode pedir eurobônus se não está preparado para, então, dar os próximos passos em direção a uma integração mais próxima”, disse. “Não seremos capazes de criar uma moeda bem-sucedida dessa maneira”. Em um aceno ao SPD, que está ameaçando atrasar a aprovação do novo pacto sobre disciplina fiscal de Merkel, ela disse que pela primeira vez está aberta à introdução de um imposto sobre transações financeiras nos estados zona euro que apoiam sua criação. Merkel elogiou acordos que conduziram a salários relativamente altos para trabalhadores alemães neste ano, aumentos que economistas acreditam que impulsionarão o consumo doméstico na maior economia da Europa. (Fonte: Correio do Brasil – 02/06/2012) 


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Consultor Internacional

4 Responses to Angela Merkel aprova salários maiores na Alemanha

  1. Calls for Europe to take drastic steps to quell its economic crisis became earsplitting this week, but the pleas had an intended audience of one: German Chancellor Angela Merkel. Seven decades after a war sparked by Germany brought Europe to ruin, the country’s neighbors see it as their only hope. Germany alone has the deep pockets to help struggling countries escape a worsening economic crisis that threatens to tear the region apart. Although Merkel has said that she wants to take unprecedented steps to hand over long-guarded sovereign rights of budget-making and taxation to the European Union, her timeline is nowhere near fast enough to get ahead of a crisis that wiped 3.4 percent off the value of Germany’s DAX stock index on Friday alone. The head of the European Central Bank, the leaders of France, Italy, Spain and Britain, and even President Obama have all called in recent days for steps that would dwarf everything tried so far. Most of them directed their appeals straight at Germany. The E.U. official in charge of the economy, Olli Rehn, was the latest to warn that the 17-country euro zone was at risk of falling apart. “The way things are going and under the current structures, the euro area has a significant risk of breaking up,” Rehn said in a speech in Helsinki, Bloomberg News reported. But Merkel has remained mum on committing to bigger steps. Meanwhile, European Central Bank President Mario Draghi — whose inflation-hawk approach is far more sympathetic to Germany than to its more-profligate neighbors — issued a plea this week for European leaders to take quick action, calling the euro zone’s current setup “unsustainable.” Merkel said there are “no taboos” in discussing what Europe could do. But many Germany taxpayers feel that some proposals amount to writing a blank check to countries whose fiscal behavior has been less disciplined than Germany’s. “I don’t think there is any movement to be expected from Berlin very soon,” said Clemens Fuest, an Oxford economist who advises the German finance ministry. And with a glum U.S. jobs report adding to worries that the U.S. economic recovery is stalling, the cold winds blowing from Europe could now, more than ever, put a chill on Obama’s reelection hopes, which will hinge in large part on economic performance. Obama held a late-night teleconference last week with Merkel, French President Francois Hollande and Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti. He also dispatched a top Treasury official on a whirlwind tour of European capitals to convey American concern about the euro-zone situation (…..)

  2. With Madrid struggling to recapitalize its struggling banking sector, Chancellor Angela Merkel is pressuring Spain to accept bailout money. Spanish premier Rajoy has thus far resisted the move, but with central banks in developing countries now rapidly reducing their euro holdings, the situation is becoming dire (…..)

  3. Henry Healy spent March 17, St. Patrick’s Day, at the White House in Washington. His distant cousin Barack Obama had invited him. The US president has Irish roots on his mother’s side of the family. “We went to a bar for a pint of Guinness,” recalls Healy. Last week, however, Healy, an accountant from the small Irish town of Moneygall, was no longer in a celebratory mood. “Joined the ranks of the recession brigade today!! #unemployed,” he wrote in a Twitter message. His employer, an Irish supplier to the construction industry, had laid him off after six years. It was probably inevitable, Healy says without bitterness, pointing out that “the construction industry in Ireland is rapidly downsizing.” Healy is one of hundreds of thousands of Irish who have lost their jobs. Since 2008, Ireland has been struggling to overcome the financial crisis — and can’t seem to get back on its feet. The unemployment rate has stagnated at roughly 14 percent for months on end. Many young Irish have decided to leave the country altogether. In 2010, the European Union had to support the country to the tune of €67.5 billion ($84 billion). Ireland’s local banks had gambled and lost on real estate loans, and had been bailed out with comprehensive state guarantees. Soon thereafter, the Irish and their fellow Europeans throughout the continent had great hopes that the worst was over. Recently, the Irish were considered a paragon for the entire euro zone. In 2011, the economy even grew, albeit only by 0.7 percent. But such confidence proved illusory. As things now stand, Ireland will have to be bailed out a second time. The banks have proven to be a bottomless pit. They have to be recapitalized once again. The previous write-downs of the 10 largest consumer banks, amounting to €118 billion, are still not enough. The country’s financial woes were also the main topic of last Thursday’s referendum, in which the Irish voted on the European fiscal pact. The majority of voters reluctantly backed the pact, initiated by German Chancellor Angela Merkel, which aims to impose budgetary discipline on countries and prevent the excessive accumulation of debt. Ultimately the Irish were motivated by the fear that the Europeans would otherwise cut off the flow of money. On the evening before the referendum, European Affairs Minister Lucinda Creighton was still canvassing door to door in her Dublin electoral district to discourage voters from supporting the “no” campaign. The politician relentlessly pointed out to the many skeptics that Ireland will need €18 billion in 2014. It will take €10 billion, for instance, to pay teachers’ salaries and support the unemployed, she argued. The opponents of the fiscal pact, she argued, couldn’t say where the money is supposed to come from (…..)

  4. (…..) Europe has entered this danger zone because monetary union — covering 17 very different nations with a single currency — works only if fiscal union, banking union and economic policy union accompany it. Otherwise, differences among the member-states in competitiveness, budget deficits, national debt and banking soundness can cause severe financial imbalances. This was widely discussed when the monetary treaty was forged in 1992, but such further integration has not occurred. How can Europe pull back from this brink? It needs to immediately install a series of emergency financial tools to prevent an implosion; and put forward a detailed, public plan to achieve full integration within six to 12 months. The required crisis tools are three:

    ●First, a larger and instantly available sovereign rescue fund that could temporarily finance Spain, Italy or others if those nations lose access to financing markets. Right now, the proposed European Stability Mechanism is too small and not ready for deployment.

    ●Second, a central mechanism to insure all deposits in euro-zone banks. National governments should provide such insurance to their own depositors first. But backup insurance is necessary to prevent a disastrous bank run, which is a serious risk today.

    ●Third, a unit like TARP, capable of injecting equity into shaky banks and forcing them to recapitalize.

    These are the equivalent of bridge financing to buy time for reform. Permanent stability will come only from full union across the board. And markets will support the simple currency structure only if they see a true plan for promptly achieving this. The 17 member-states must jointly put one forward. Both the rescue tools and the full integration plan require Germany, Europe’s strongest country, to put its balance sheet squarely behind the euro zone. That is an unpopular idea in Germany today, which is why Chancellor Angela Merkel has been dragging her feet. But Germany will suffer a severe economic blow if this single-currency experiment fails. A restored German mark would soar in value, like the Swiss franc, and damage German exports and employment. The time for Germany and all euro-zone members to get the emergency measures in place and commit to full integration is now. Global capital markets may not give them another month. The world needs these leaders to step up.


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